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Smart Farming

Updated: Jan 15

As the world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, a 70% increase in agricultural production becomes imperative to meet the escalating needs, as emphasized by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

This challenge is compounded by the current impact of the food industry, responsible for 30% of global energy consumption and 22% of greenhouse gas emissions. The imperative, therefore, lies not merely in increasing food production but in achieving sustainability in the process.

Farmers globally face a multitude of challenges, both direct and indirect, which often go unnoticed in the broader context of the food industry and those can be:

  • lack of infrastructure

  • limited access to credit and insurance

  • insufficient income

  • transportation inadequacies

  • soil erosion

  • irrigation difficulties

  • the absence of high-quality seeds

  • considerable resources and time

Integrating smart farming practices is key to balancing the need for increased food production with sustainability, offering a technologically advanced approach to addressing the complex interplay between population growth, environmental health, and the quest for global food security.

Smart farming harnesses the power of emerging technologies to revolutionize agriculture and livestock production, aiming to improve both quantity and quality while minimizing environmental impacts.

Numerous advantages come with the implementation of smart farming. The optimization of agricultural and livestock-related processes results in increased production rates, while the integration of weather forecasts and soil moisture sensors enables precise watering only when necessary and for the optimal duration, thus saving water. Through detailed analysis of production in relation to applied strategies, adjustments can be made to enhance subsequent production quality. Automation of sowing, treatments, and harvesting in agriculture leads to reduced resource usage, consequently lowering costs. The early detection of crop infestations and animal illnesses enables minimizing their impact on production, fostering both pest control and animal welfare. Embracing smart farming practices not only ensures better sustainability by conserving resources like irrigation water but also maximizes land use efficiency, thereby reducing the overall environmental impact.

Key technologies in smart farming encompass a range of innovative tools

  • Drones equipped with infrared technology can efficiently cover vast areas, capturing multispectral images and crucial information related to land condition, irrigation needs, crop growth, pathogen presence, and livestock metrics like animal numbers and health anomalies.

  • Internet of Things (IoT) facilitates farm optimization through smart sensors measuring variables such as solar radiation, leaf moisture, stem diameter, and animal temperatures.

  • Big data capabilities allow farmers to manage information from drones, IoT sensors, and other instruments, integrating it with historical farm data and weather information to optimize the entire production process.

  • Blockchain ensures monitoring of crops and livestock from growth until handover to suppliers, enhancing supply chain traceability.

  • Artificial intelligence and robotics interpret field images for precise application of fertilizers, pesticides, and weed control. The array of sensors, software solutions,location technologies (GPS, Satellite), robotics (autonomous tractors, processing facilities), and data analytics tools further contribute to the comprehensive integration of smart farming practices across various agricultural domains.

In conclusion, smart farming stands out as a transformative force in agriculture, seamlessly integrating innovative technologies to revolutionize traditional practices. This approach holds genuine potential to deliver a more productive and sustainable form of agricultural production, grounded in precision and resource efficiency.


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